Due to sickness of Ms. Darlene White, our healing circle cancel only for this week and resuming on next week. We apologize for the inconvenience
Due to sickness of Ms. Darlene White, our healing circle cancel only for this week and resuming on next week. We apologize for the inconvenience
Due to a corporate fundraising event, Services at 211 Bronson Ave will be closed on September 12, 2014 and resuming on September 15, 2014. We apologize for the inconvenience
Les services offerts au 211 avenue Bronson, ne seront pas disponibles le 12 septembre 2014, en raison d’un événement de collecte de fonds de l’organisation. Ces services seront disponibles à nouveau le 15 septembre 2014. Nous nous excusons de tout inconvénient que cette situation pourrait vous causer.
Josh Elliott, CTVNews.ca
Published Sunday, September 7, 2014
To read the article online and to view the video clip, click here.
The Elgin Middlesex Detention Centre in London, Ont., remains under lockdown after a chaotic week of staff firings, work refusals and prisoner unrest.
A riot broke out at the EMDC Saturday night, when jail managers were attempting to control unruly inmates during the jail-wide lockdown. Cells were flooded, lights were broken and inmates in the female detention wing were banging on their doors and windows.
EMDC correctional officers say they’re worried inmates have concealed shards of broken glass to use as weapons later.
The Elgin Middlesex Detention Centre in London, Ont., remains under lockdown.
“Our fear is now that those offenders now have weapons in their cells,” Tammy Carson, the health and safety representative for correctional officers at the EMDC, told CTV London.
The chaos started last Wednesday, when five correctional officers and an EMDC manager were fired in connection with the Oct. 31, 2013 beating death of inmate Adam Kargus.
The ministry of correction services says the terminations were over the officers’ involvement — or lack of involvement — in what led to the inmate’s death.
Kargus was beaten to death in an EMDC shower last Halloween. One inmate was charged with second-degree murder and two others were charged with lesser offences.
Then in March, three jail staffers were also charged with failing to provide the necessaries of life in connection to the 29-year-old’s death. They were among those fired Wednesday.
Members of the correctional officers’ union reacted to the firings with a series of work refusals, forcing a jail-wide lockdown that’s been in place ever since.
The union representing correctional officers at the jail says overcrowding, understaffing and inmate violence have made conditions unsafe for employees working there.
“Health and safety is important for everybody,” OPSEU local 108 president Dominic Bragaglia told CTV London.
Bragaglia said he asked EMDC managers earlier this week to call in a Crisis Intervention Team to bring the jail under control.
But he said EMDC management did not call the Crisis Intervention Team, saying they’d prefer to deal with the problem themselves. Instead, Bragaglia said they’ve asked for staffing help from managers at other jails across the province.
Off-duty correctional officers have also been called in to help the undermanned facility.
The Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services issued a statement to CTV London addressing the crisis late Saturday.
“The safety of our corrections staff and inmates is our top priority,” the statement said. “Because of a work refusal by corrections staff, EMDC remains in lockdown to maintain safety and security.”
Inmates will continue to receive meals and medical treatment while the Ministry addresses the situation, the statement said.
“The Ministry continues efforts to work with the union to fully restore operations and lift the current lockdown.”
Six of Ontario’s 29 jails had more than 200 cases of inmate-on-inmate violence last year, according to statistics obtained by The Canadian Press last April. London’s EMDC was included among those six.
OPSEU president Warren Thomas condemned the firings in a statement on Wednesday.
He said the firings undermine the judicial system, as the individuals who were fired have not been found guilty in court.
“We find it gravely troubling that front-line officers are being held out as the scapegoats for a broken correctional system that the government fails to address,” he said.
Thomas said correctional officers at the EMDC have been “sounding the alarm” about poor conditions for the last two years, without a response.
With a report by CTV Kitchener’s Nadia Matos
Katlynn Griffith placed with men at Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre, Elizabeth Fry Society says
Posted:Mar 07, 2014 4:29 PM ET
A transgender woman arrested in Cornwall last month was housed with men at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre before being transferred to the women’s section, according to a group that advocates for women in the justice system.
The Elizabeth Fry Society of Ottawa said Friday it plans to file a complaint with Ontario’s ombudsman and a human rights complaint on the inmate’s behalf over how police and workers at the jail handled her detention.
A transgender woman from Cornwall was placed with the men at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre before guards decided to move her to the women’s section of the jail. (CBC)
Katlynn Griffith of Cornwall was arrested on Feb. 15 on a domestic assault charge and sent to the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre on Innes Road.
Griffith, who is in her late 20s, has male anatomy but identifies as female.
She was placed in a holding cell with four men, said Bryonie Baxter, the executive director of the Elizabeth Fry Society of Ottawa.
Shared cell with 2 men
Baxter said Griffith was concerned about her safety and asked to be put into protective custody.
Guards moved her to the protective custody section and placed her in a cell with two accused male sex offenders, Baxter said.
She was in the cell overnight and into the next day before she was transferred to the women’s section of the jail.
Baxter said while in custody, Griffith was subjected to homophobic slurs from inmates and requests to perform sexual acts and was allegedly referred to as ‘it’ by guards.
Jail sought clarity from province
The incident came to light two weeks later when the union for Ontario jail guards asked the province for an update to policies regarding transgender prisoners, but at the time, it wasn’t clear that Griffith had spent time in the men’s section of the jail.
Denis Collin, the local president of OPSEU at the detention centre, said Friday his understanding was that the inmate was placed with men but only for “a very short period of time” and as soon as management learned about her case she was moved to the women’s section.
The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services said it handles the sexual identity of its inmates “on a case-by-case basis.”
In a statement to CBC News last week, the ministry said transgender inmates “bring a unique set of circumstances when coming into the provincial correctional system.”
Individuals may self-identify as transgender or authorities may notify the jail the inmate is transgender during the screening process, the ministry policy states. Correctional officers take self-identification into account “along with objective evidence such as medical evidence or other physical attributes” to determine where the inmate should be placed.
The policy “allows for discretion in recognizing the needs of the individual and the other inmates in the institution.”
Policy needs to change, says advocate
Earlier this month, a transgender person who identified as female, but had male anatomy, was housed with the male population in a Toronto jail. The inmate’s passport indicated the prisoner was female, and the decision to house her with men led to an outcry online. Subsequently, the transgender woman was moved to a women’s jail.
Bryonie Baxter - Executive Director
Bryonie Baxter, who is with the Elizabeth Fry Society, said the problems jail guards are having handling transgender inmates indicates the province’s case-by-case policy isn’t working. (CBC)
Baxter said Griffith’s situation may have been confusing for both her and the jail guards, as she had been in custody there in 2013 when she did not identify as a transgender woman.
But Baxter said these cases show the provincial policy needs work.
“If these individual cases keep coming up, it’s indicative that the policy isn’t enough, it is not working as they have indicated it would,” said Baxter.
The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services said in a statement Friday it is undertaking a review of its policy on transgender inmates in provincial custody and will be consulting with all stakeholders.
After 107 days of evidence and testimony in the Ashley Smith Inquest, the five woman jury declared Ms. Smith’s death a homicide. Ms. Smith spent her brief adult life inside federal segregation cells across Canada, having been transferred seventeen times in less than one year. On October 19, 2007 nineteen year old Ashley Smith died by ligature asphyxiation in a segregation cell at Ontario’s Grand Valley Institution. Although she was on “constant observation” and “suicide watch”, her death was witnessed by correctional officers following a directive not to intervene until she was no longer breathing. 104 recommendations are contained in the verdict.
Some of the 104 recommendations by the Coroner’s Jury include:
As noted in the jury’s verdict, Ms. Smith’s case demonstrates how Canada’s correctional system and federal/provincial health care can collectively fail to provide an identified mentally ill, high risk, high needs woman with the appropriate care, treatment and supports. CSC reports that 29% of women in detention are identified at admission as presenting with mental health problems, an increase of more than 120% since 1996/1997. Further, as the 2012 Annual Report of the Correctional Investigator of Canada, Howard Sapers, noted, there was a dramatic increase in the number and prevalence of serious self-injury incidents (often an indicator of an underlying or untreated mental illness) in federal prisons in the last five years. Sapers also noted an increase in use of force interventions, citing the fact half of all use of force incidents involved women with identified mental health issues. Further, two-thirds of all use of force incidents in the regional facilities involved Aboriginal women inmates. His report also stated that: “In the last five years, the number of federally incarcerated women has increased by almost 40% while the number of Aboriginal women has increased by over 80% in the last decade.”
Taken together, the reports of the Correctional Investigator of Canada, and the verdict of the Ashley Smith Inquest jury tell us that there is much work to be done to address the chronic issues in Canadian prisons. Women in detention are an extremely marginalized group who are often in prison as a result of larger systemic reasons. While the jury recommendations are welcome, the root causes of women’s detention such as poverty, racism, colonialism, and violence – fundamental issues affecting women’s equality that start outside of prison walls – must be addressed in order to prevent women being incarcerated in the first place.
The Ashley Smith case is unfortunately one among many instances of cruel and inhumane treatment of women in detention in this country. Canadians now know about her case, but we should not assume it is an isolated case, and nor should we do anything less than call upon the government to address the systemic causes of the increasing imprisonment of women with mental illness in this country.
In the meantime, the Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF) welcomes, and awaits, the government’s adoption of the jury’s recommendations.
An Ontario coroner’s jury in Toronto has ruled the self-inflicted choking death of Ashley Smith in her segregated prison cell was a homicide.
Smith, 19, originally from Moncton, N.B., was imprisoned at the Grand Valley Institution in Kitchener, Ont., when she died in 2007.
She had tied a piece of cloth around her neck while guards stood outside her cell door and watched. They had been ordered by senior staff not to enter her cell as long as she was breathing.
Presiding coroner Dr. John Carlisle read the jury’s findings Thursday afternoon, concluding,”May she rest in peace, and may God bless her memory.”
The five-woman jury made dozens of recommendations after hearing evidence from more than 80 witnesses in almost 11 months of testimony.
Among the recommendations was that there be no requirement for staff to seek authorization prior to intervening in crisis situations.
The recommendations include:
· Smith’s death be used as a case study to demonstrate how health care and the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) failed her.
· Within 72 hours of admission to a federal institution, all female inmates be assessed by a psychologist to determine whether self-injurious behaviour exists.
· Female inmates receive support from female psychologists and support workers.
· The CSC ensure nursing services are available on site for inmates at all times.
· There be adequate staffing of qualified mental health staff at every women’s institution.
· The CSC expand the scope and terms of psychiatrists’ contracts to enable them to perform duties in a meaningful way.
· A federally operated treatment facility for high-needs, high-risk women be created.
· Decisions about clinical management of inmates be made by doctors, not CSC staff.
· Inmates must have access to an independent patient advocate system
· Indefinite solitary confinement for prisoners be abolished.
· Until indefinite solitary confinement is abolished with CSC, its use must be restricted to no more than 360 hours.
· Meetings between prisoners and support staff should not happen through food slots (something that happened frequently with Smith.)
· Prison staff be allowed to refuse orders without fear of reprisal.
· Prison staff at all levels be personally responsible for everyone’s right to life.
· Female inmates be accommodated in regions closest to family and supports.
Smith’s mother, Cora-Lee Smith, was not in Toronto for the reading of the verdict.
Kim Pate, executive director of the Canadian Association of Elizabeth Frye Societies – a group that works with female inmates – had hoped the jury would return a verdict of homicide.
“Many staff members have reported that she did advise them that she knew what she doing was dangerous, but she also knew it was their job to save her,” said Pate.
“So it is very clear that a combination of the order not to intervene that was sanctioned, seemingly right up to national headquarters of Correctional Services Canada, combined with the impact that had on staff, is really a major contributor to her death.”
Homicide is defined as the killing of a human being due to the act or omission of another.
Pate said homicide verdict would not mean any criminal or civil responsibility, but would only indicate Smith’s death was preventable.
In the last year of Smith’s life, the mentally troubled teenager was shuffled 17 times between nine institutions in five provinces.
As police search for the person responsible for the recent slaying of Ottawa sex-trade worker Amy Paul, the Somerset West Community Health Centre is promoting safety tips for women selling sex during this time of “heightened concern,” says an outreach worker from the centre.
Paul, a sex-trade worker based in Vanier, was reported missing on Sept. 9. Her body was found in a hay field south of Ottawa, near Kars and Osgoode, on Sept. 20.
“Due to the fact that the police are looking for a possible serial killer of sex workers in the Ottawa area, we thought it was timely to put out some safety tips,” says Allison LaVigne, the community outreach worker behind the centre’s efforts.
LaVigne worked with Sarah Gott, a social work student at Algonquin College, to design posters with safety advice for sex workers and put them up around Somerset West, located on Eccles Street. The posters encourage workers to be aware of their surroundings, avoid isolated areas, and work with partners.
The centre is also launching a self-defence program, which was originally designed by sex-trade workers and police in Vancouver. The workshops will teach sex-trade workers how to physically defend themselves and also about Canadian laws surrounding self-defence.
LaVigne says the workshops use a “train-the-trainer” model that teaches women how to defend themselves against violence and then encourages them to share those tactics with other sex-trade workers. “It’s a sex worker legacy for other sex workers,” she says.
As the main distributor of Ottawa’s Safe Inhalation Program, which provides safe materials such as clean glass stems and protective mouthpieces for people in Ottawa who use drugs, LaVigne says that the Somerset West centre has a unique role in sharing safety information.
“Because we have our Needle Exchange Safer Inhalation van that goes out six days a week, we’re out doing front-of-the-line outreach with the on-the-street population,” says LaVigne. “We serve a population of survival sex workers that other organizations don’t.”
The Ottawa Police have recently shared similar tips for sex workers.
“We want the sex workers to be safe, so what we recommend is that they take on the buddy system,” says Insp. Chris Rheaume.
“You’re dealing with a type of business that is very risky to start with,” he says. “Do we condone (sex work)? Obviously not. I wouldn’t recommend that anybody get into that business. But it’s one of these things that we can work together in a partnership to try and make it safer for them.”
Not everybody believes that sharing these tips is effective.
Christine Bruckert, a criminology professor at the University of Ottawa, says that sex workers are already aware of the need for these kinds of precautions.
“It’s rather annoying, the police or the community centres telling sex workers (to follow this advice) when these are things that sex workers have been doing for years,” says Bruckert.
Additionally, she says, many of these tactics are “undermined by the law” and “aggressive” policing.
On June 13, the Supreme Court heard the case of Bedford v. Canada, which challenged Canadian prostitution laws. A decision is expected later this fall.
“Really, nothing has changed in the way that women are policed. And it won’t until that decision is reached,“ says Bryonie Baxter, the executive director of the Elizabeth Fry Society of Ottawa.
Baxter adds that policing is “driving sex work into the margins of the city, away from areas where women have supports in place, where they’re more visible.”
Along with the organization POWER, Bruckert says she is asking the police to stop enforcing laws that prevent sex workers from behaving safely — “especially in light of the fact that they’ve identified a predator.”
LaVigne says that although the Somerset West Community Health Centre’s programs may lead to immediate harm reduction, there are deeper issues that need to be addressed.
These include criminalization, stigma, poverty, addiction, and a legacy of colonialism that has left aboriginal women disproportionately affected by this violence.
“Are these simple tips and self-defence workshops enough?” says LaVigne. “Absolutely not. Society needs to address the impact it has on survival sex work.”
OTTAWA — The province of Ontario will make sweeping changes to the way its jails treat mentally ill women and administer solitary confinement after settling a human rights complaint with a bipolar and terminally ill Ottawa woman.
Christina Jahn filed a complaint against the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services to the Ontario Human Rights Tribunal, alleging the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre discriminated against her by locking her up in segregation for more than 200 days instead of treating her mental illness.
On Tuesday, the ministry reached a settlement with Jahn, promising to change the way they operate by screening all inmates for mental illness, devising treatment plans and training staff to better deal with the mentally ill.
The ministry also agreed it will no longer use segregation for people with mental illness unless they can demonstrate they’ve considered and rejected all other alternatives. Inmates with a major mental illness who are placed in segregation will be examined by a psychiatrist every five days, according to the settlement.
As part of the settlement, the ministry agreed to conduct a study within the next 18 months to measure the need for a secure treatment centre for mentally ill female offenders, something critics have complained is long overdue. The province currently has a 100-bed secure treatment facility for men, but nothing for women.
The findings and recommendations of that report will be provided to the Ontario Human Rights Commission, according to the agreement. The ministry has committed to acting on the recommendations within another 18 months, or publicly explain why they won’t.
The 43-year-old Jahn, who is dying of advanced breast and bone cancer, also received a cash settlement, although the exact amount is confidential. She had been seeking a record $250,000 in damages in an Ontario Human Rights Tribunal hearing that was supposed to have started Monday. The two sides reached a settlement before the proceedings began.
“The compelling facts of this case have really caused the ministry to wake up and agree to serious systemic change for inmates with mental illness,” said Jahn’s lawyer, Paul Champ. “To the credit of the ministry, I’ve never seen a government department agree to such positive and far-reaching changes.”
Jahn said her fight wasn’t about the money.
“It was a matter of discrimination, the way I was being treated,” said Jahn.
“I think it’s a good start in order to get some change going on in the way people are treated. I hope that others after me won’t have to go through this and that people who have experienced this will come forward with their stories,” she said.
Jahn alleged that the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre discriminated against her on the grounds of mental illness and gender when they denied her cancer medication, left the lights on in her cell night and day, forced her to sleep on the floor without a mattress and shut off her cell’s water for days at a time.
She spent at least 23 hours a day in a windowless cell during separate stays at the Innes Road detention centre in 2011 and 2012.
During one of her stays, Jahn missed a scheduled surgery and chemotherapy. She needed an emergency mastectomy after being released from the jail because her cancer had become so advanced.
“It was the worst treatment I had ever had,” said Jahn, who insisted that the public interest remedies promised by the ministry be made public. “It seemed like a decision was made and I wasn’t getting out of there under any circumstances.”
Raj Dhir, a lawyer for the Ontario Human Rights Commission, said the settlement not only addresses Jahn’s experience, but the policies and procedures that led to her being placed in segregation in the first place.
“It recognizes that the lack of accessible treatment and programs, and the use of segregation, can have severe consequences for inmates with mental disabilities,” said Dhir.
“The ministry has committed to making a number of changes to better address the mental health needs of incarcerated individuals. These changes are consistent with recommendations by experts, oversight bodies and Canadian and international health and human rights organizations,” he said.
Bryonie Baxter, executive director of the Elizabeth Fry Society, said the changes are long overdue.
“I think it’s a good step toward better treatment to people with mental illness in Ontario prisons,” said Baxter, who praised Jahn for being “incredibly brave” in challenging the ministry and forcing change.
“We’ve been asking for this both from the ministry and the ombudsman’s office for years. What happened to Christina could have been prevented had they moved on what was clearly a need far more quickly,” said Baxter.
Jail documents revealed Jahn, serving sentences for resisting arrest, shoplifting and causing a disturbance, was being held in segregation for no other reason than her mental illness.
It was apparent the guards thought little of Jahn, whose lawyer acknowledged she was a challenging inmate because of her mental illness. In one memo, a jail guard described her as being the “thoroughly disgusting, rude and obnoxious inmate that all staff have experienced in the past” when explaining why the water to her cell was being shut off.
Jahn alleged her treatment led to “harm to dignity, humiliation, mental anguish and reckless discrimination.”
Champ earlier alleged the jail treated Jahn in an “utterly cruel and degrading manner” and the treatment she received was the “worst to ever come before a human rights tribunal.”
As a result of the settlement, the ministry will also become more transparent. They will revise the handbook that is provided to inmates to include prisoner rights and ministry policies, and will post the document online.
Neither has ever before been done, and Jahn complained that the ministry refused to provide her with such information while she was detained.
Woman who gave birth to son in Ottawa-Carleton cell said jailers ignored her cries
Julie Bilotta gave birth to her first baby, a boy, while she was a prisoner at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre. (MySpace)
Employees at an Ottawa jail where a woman gave birth inside her cell last year have been disciplined following a provincial investigation.
The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services confirmed Tuesday that following a special investigation, the ministry has suspended, reprimanded or fired “both correctional and health care staff” at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre, but declined to disclose the report of its findings.
“The disciplinary actions taken include official reprimand, multi-day suspension, and dismissal,” said spokesman Brent Ross in a statement.
“These are confidential human resources matters between the employer and the employees, and it would not be appropriate to discuss the specific details or to publicly identify those who have been disciplined,” said Ross.
Didn’t believe she was in labour
Julie Bilotta of Cornwall, Ont., gave birth to her son, Gionni, on the evening of Sept. 29, 2012, without medical assistance and while she was in a segregated jail cell at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre.
Bilotta has alleged guards and nurses ignored her cries of pain for several hours before she gave birth and said she was “traumatized” by the experience and the “degrading” treatment she received.
Bryonie Baxter of the Elizabeth Fry Society, a group that works with women and girls in the justice system, said this shows human rights need to be respected in jail.
“It wasn’t only Julie’s human rights that were violated in this case, it was also baby Gionni’s,” she said.
“His life was put at risk by a breech birth with no assistance.”
Lawyer wants copy of report
She was first jailed Sept. 24 when she was already about eight months pregnant.
Bilotta’s lawyer, Lawrence Greenspon, said he has not received any official word from the ministry about the actions.
“Obviously these are harsh measures against individuals who at least in the eyes of the correctional services acted improperly,” said Greenspon, who added he wanted to see the report to see the basis upon which the firings and discipline were carried out.
Greenspon said once he has seen the report, he would issue a statement of claim at court for a civil lawsuit